Key to Clubs:
Clavaria - the classic "club" fungus, individual
delicate clubs coming up from the ground, usually around 5cm high and
.5cm wide. They are in the Agaricales and probably somewhat related to
the waxy cap gilled
mushrooms (Hygrophoroid). Found on the ground, but probably
C. falcata (acuta) - white with translucent base
(almost like an earth tongue). <8cm
high, <.3cm wide.
C. vermicularis (fragilis) - taller, more
clustered, <15cm high,
C. rosea - pink! <5cm high, <.5cm wide.
C. flavipes - yellow, especially at base.
Similar club shaped fungi unrelated to each other, usually
<10cm high, <0.5cm wide. Found on the ground, but also probably
Clavulinopsis laeticolor - golden
clusters, darker tip? Agaricales.
C. gracillima ('luteoalba') - pale
tips, hollow inside
Alloclavaria purpurea -
purple clubs, in the Hymenochaetales?
Clavicorona taxophila - white club with crown shape margin. Smaller,
<3cm high, <.5cm wide. Agaricales.
Clavariadelphus - tougher,
wrinkled clubs (sometimes like veined fungi).
Found on the ground. They are closely related to the veined fungi
Gomphus and Turbinellus (not surprisingly) and
to the corals Ramaria (very surprisingly) in
the Gomphales. They may be mycorrhizal.
C. truncatus - the largest one,
yellow-orange, <15cm high, club shaped top 5cm wide or
C. pallidoincarnatus - slightly paler and smaller southern
species with a clubbed head.
C. occidentalis - medium size, yellow-orange-pink,
<20cm high, usually >1cm wide.
C. caespitosus/subfastigiatus - clustered, medium,
pinkish-cinnamon, up to 10cm or more, usually >1cm wide. KOH
turns C. subfastigiatus green.
C. sachalinensis/ligula - smallest species,
yellow-orange, <8cm tall, usually <1cm wide. Also club shaped top.
C. mucronatus - white with a thickened then pointed tip, <8cm
tall, >1cm wide.
Typhula/Macrotyphula - our
thinnest, stringy clubs, held up almost as if by magic. These do sometimes
have a differentiated "stem" part that is a different colour, and could
therefore be mistaken for an Ascomycota earth tongue,
but these are all much more slender.
Typhula has a sclerotium, a dark ball of nutrients at the base of the
club, difficult to see in these pictures. Found on woody debris.
to the Agaricales, probably to the waxy caps (Hygrophoroid).
Macrotyphula juncea - pale, tall, <10cm, <2mm wide on woody
similar, but with a sclerotium (ball of nutrients) attached to
Macrotyphula fistulosa - bigger, darker, <20cm
tall, <1cm wide. Much taller than Clavariadelphus.
T. setipes - on hardwood leaves, tiny, <3mm,
white, darker stem, sclerotium?
T. erythropus - on hardwood leaves, small,
<3cm, white, stem and sclerotium dark red-brown.
T. incarnata/ishikariensis -
similar to T. erythropus but parasitic on cereals, grasses and
stems. <3cm, pale head and stem.
Pinkish-orange/amber-brown sclerotium. Head of T. incarnata becomes
sclerotioides - very similar to T. ishikariensis, on stems and
Pterula - similar hair-like clubs
growing separately or in tufts.
Also consider Multiclavula.
Multiclavula corynoides group - the only other "basidio" lichen besides the
Always associated with algae (like all lichens). <2cm
tall, 1-2mm wide, on the ground. Related to the Cantharellales. Small Typhula
have a sclerotium.
M. mucida - growing with algae on wood.
Mucronella - individual teeth hanging
down from wood resembling teeth or crusts,
growing up when young like club fungi. They are also
more individual like clubs than like teeth fungi, so they are found on both
pages. Each tooth is
usually <1cm long. Saprophytic. They are in the Agaricales.
M. calva/alba (bresadolae) - white. M. calva's teeth are
smaller, usually ~1mm (compared to <6mm for M. alba).
M. fusiformis (pendula) - w/a tiny stem at the
point of attachment. <5mm.
M. 'pulchra' - yellow in colour.
Calocera cornea - also
consider this jelly fungus with a
non-brittle rubbery texture, found on hardwood. <2cm
high. In the jelly class, Dacrymycetes.